SANITATION IN GHANA. WHO IS TO BE BLAMED?

The former president of Ghana, John Dramini Mahama, on November 1, 2014, declared the first Saturday of each month as a National Sanitation Day following the unforgettable cholera outbreak that claimed over 150 lives.
Ghana from then till now has been suffering from environmental and health issues.

OPEN DEFECATION


One of the major problems in Greater Accra is open defecation due to lack of private toilets.
The statistic shows that about 70% of Accra residents lack access to a toilet.
Most compound houses in Accra contains two or three toilets. The landlord and the family owns one and the tenants get access to one or two of the toilets remaining.
Imagine 10 tenants accessing one or two toilets in a compound house.
As a result of this, people wait for nightfall to relieve themselves into beaches and gutters with some defecating in polythene bags and throwing them in bins, on the street, and in water bodies.
It all bores down to the destroying and messing up of our ecosystem and the atmosphere.
Poor sanitation in Ghana communities has become a persistent problem and difficult to completely eradicate.
Minister of Sanitation and Water Resources, Mrs. Cecilia Dapaah, in a speech during the grand finale of the 2018 Clean Ghana Challenge Concert Awards, organized by the Clean Ghana Action Ambassadors said, “It is estimated that over 3000 children under five years die every year in Ghana due to water sanitation related diseases caused by diarrhoeal, which is fascinated by the poor environmental conditions created by the people’’
Sunyani, the regional capital for Bono Region is considered as one of the cleanest cities in the country while, Accra, the capital city of the country and Kumasi the regional for Ashanti Region happens to be in the midst of the major sanitation problem in the country.
Most beaches in Accra like Chorkor beach, Korle Gono beach and what is known as ‘‘Bola beach ‘’ are examples of what I will call filthy beaches in Accra.

LITTERING


Littering around is also another issue in Ghana. Filth on the street of some part of Ghana especially Accra and Kumasi are very sad.
Plastic waste is flying in the air and also traveling from one place to another with humans in Ghana.
Yesterday, I witnessed passengers insulting an old woman because the woman said it was indiscipline for a passenger to be in a car and throw a polythene bag which contains rubbish on the street.
The recent devasting flooding happening in Accra and some part of Ghana is due to the large quantity of rubbish that people openly dispose of when it starts to rain which in turn come back to destroying lives and properties.
Now fear and panic have gripped people especially those living in the waterlogged communities when we enter into the month of raining season.
Whilst many farmers look forward to raining seasons, some coastal communities in Ghana like Chorkor, Nima and James town get worried anytime it rains.

The irresponsible behavior of some Ghanaians poses a health threat to the country especially children and women. It has also lead to one of the causes of numerous conditions and diseases such as cholera and diarrhea outbreak. The government has to spend a lot of money on curbing and treating people who are victims of such diseases, therefore, reaping off other areas which need these investments.
In some part of the world, it is illegal to litter or thrown a waste on the street.
In the UK, section 87 of their Environmental Protection Act [EPA] States that it is a criminal offense for a person to drop or throw down a leaf or deposit litter in a public place.
I asked myself why there is legislation covering littering in Ghana, yet it is seen as one of the filthy countries in the world.
Is it that the three arms of government (the Executive, the legislature and the Judiciary) is not ensuring and reinforcing these laws?
My question to you is who do you think is TO BE BLAME FOR Ghana’s POOR CONDITION STATE?

By:Derrick Ofori/Regina Owusu/kessbenfm.com